The first edition of the festival was held in 1995 and until 2006 it was held once in two years. That time it was more like theoretic workshop not competition. Since 2006 the festival officially became annual international documentary film festival with international competition jury and FIPRESCI jury. International Competition is a basic part of the festival film program. Documentaries that develop the cinematography aesthetics first introduced by Robert Flaherty in his masterpiece Nanook of the North enter the competition. Within «Flahertiana-2015» the following events are held along with the main competition program: «Russian Flahertiana», the winner of which is determined based on Nation Competition Jury voting. Special programs devoted to cinematography of different countries, to film festivals, directors and social problems, theoretic discussions, seminars, discussion panels.